Preamble to the Constitution
The term ‘preamble’ refers to the Introduction or preface to the Constitution.
It consists of the ideals, objectives and basic principles of the Constitution and has been described as the ‘key to the Constitution’.
The Preamble to the Indian Constitution is based on the‘Objective Resolution’, drafted by Jawaharlal Nehru, which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on January 22, 1947.
It has been amended once by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976, which added three new words – socialist, secular and integrity.
The Preamble of our Constitution states that India is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic.
The Constitution guarantees Liberty of thought,expression, belief, faith and worship to all. It gives Equality of status and of opportunity to all. It wants to promote Fraternity among all Indians .
Salient features of Indian Constitution
(1) It is the lengthiest of all the written constitutions of the world.
(2) It has borrowed most of its provisions from the constitutions of various
(3) It is partly rigid and partly flexible.
(4) It establishes a federal system of government.
(5) It establishes the parliamentary system not only at the Centre but also in the states.
(6) It makes India as a secular state.
(7) It provides an independent judiciary.
(8) It introduces Universal Adult Franchise and accords the right to vote to all citizens above 18 years of age without any discrimination.
(9) It provides single citizenship.
(10) It makes special provisions for minorities,Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, etc.