The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the space agency of the Government of India headquartered in the city of Bengaluru. Its vision is to “harness space technology for national development while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration.”
The Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was established in the tenure of Jawaharlal Nehru under the DAE in 1962, with the urging of scientist Vikram Sarabhai recognizing the need in space research.
INCOSPAR grew and became ISRO in 1969, also under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE). In 1972 Government of India setup a Space Commission and the Department of Space (DOS),bringing ISRO under the DOS.
The establishment of ISRO thus institutionalized space research activities in India.It is managed by the Department of Space, which reports to the Prime Minister of India.
- 1962 : Indian National Committee for Space Research set up .
- Indian Space Research Organisation formed in 1969.
- June 1972 : Department of Space established
- Sept 1972 ISRO brought under Department of Space
- Vikram Sarabhai : Father of India’s Space Programme.
- India launched first rocket from Thumba in Nov 21, 1963.
- India Launched first satellite ‘ARYABHATA’ in 1975
- 1979 : ‘Bhaskara-1‘ launched.
- 1979 : ISRO launches four satellites in Rohini series launched by Satellite launch vehicle
- APPLE : ISRO’s first indigenous , experimental communication satellite launched in 1981.
- 1983 : ISRO develops telecommunications satellite – INSAT system
- INSAT is one of the largest domestic communication satellite in Asia-Pacific with nine operational communication satellites.
- April 2, 1984 : Rakesh Sharma travels to space – He is the first and the only Indian citizen to travel in space till date there have been other Indian origin cosmonauts but not citizens
- March 17, 1988 : IRS-1A launched
- August 1992 : INSAT-2A Successfully Operationalised
- July 23, 1993 : INSAT-2A & B Launched – These are Multipurpose satellite for Telecommunication.
- Sept 29,1997 : ISRO launches first fully operational satellite abroad – A locally developed rocket.
- Sept 12, 2002 : Kalpana-1 launched by ISRO using PSLV
- SEPT 20, 2004 : ISRO Launches GSAT-3 , bulit for Educational Sector.
- Dec 22, 2005: Successful launch of INSAT – 4A.
- OCT 22,2008 : Launch of Chandrayaan-1 abroad PSLV-C11
- JULY 1, 2013 : IRNSS – 1A navigation satellite launched
- NOV 5, 2013 – MANGALYAAN launched – MARS ORBITAL MISSION
- APRIL 2018 : IRNSS-1I launched.
- FEB 2017 : Launched 104 satellites simulataneously
- JUNE 2017: GSLV-MARK-111, Heaviest rocket ever made launched.
- JAN 2018: 31 Satellites in a single flight successfully launched.
- NOV 2018 : EARTH Observation Satellite HysIS launched.
- DEC 2018 : GSAT-7A successfully launched
- JAN 24, 2018 : ISRO Launched Kalamsat-V2, a communication satellite built by students -Spacekidz India
- April 2019 : EMISAT along with 28 nano foreign satellites launched
- July 2019 : Chandrayaan-2