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Candidates preparing for government exams such as Tnpsc,Upsc,Ssc, and other competitive exams will find the list of Important Institutions and their headquarters in India useful in their preparation

RBI – Reserve Bank of India

Sector: Banking & Finance, Monetary Policy
Head: Governor – Shaktikanta Das (acting)
Headquarters: Mumbai
Founder : British Raj
Founded : 1 April 1935, Kolkata

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is India’s central banking institution, which controls the issuance and supply of the Indian rupee. Until the Monetary Policy Committee was established in 2016, it also controlled monetary policy in India.
It commenced its operations on 1 April 1935 in accordance with the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.

SEBI – Securities and Exchange Board of India

Sector: Securities (Stock) & Capital Market
Head: Chairman – Ajay Tyagi
Headquarters: Mumbai
Founded: 12 April 1992

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is the regulator for the securities market in India. It was established in 1988 and given statutory powers on 30 January 1992 through the SEBI Act, 1992.

Securities and exchange Board of India (SEBI) was first established in the year 1988 as a non-statutory body for regulating the securities market.
It became an autonomous body by The Government of India on 12 May 1992 and given statutory powers in 1992 with SEBI Act 1992 being passed by the Indian Parliament.

IRDAI – Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority

Sector: Insurance
Head: Chairman – Subhash Chandra Khuntia
Headquarters: Hyderabad , Telangana.
Founded: 1999

The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) is an autonomous, statutory body tasked with regulating and promoting the insurance and re-insurance industries in India.
It was constituted by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999,an Act of Parliament passed by the Government of India.The agency’s headquarters are in Hyderabad, Telangana, where it moved from Delhi in 2001.

IRDAI is a 10-member body including the chairman, five full-time and four part-time members appointed by the government of India.

PFRDA – Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority

Sector: Pension
Head: Chairman – Hemant G Contractor
Parent agency: Department of Financial Services
Headquarters: New Delhi
Founded: 23 August 2003

PFRDA have set up a Trust under the Indian Trusts Act, 1882 to oversee the functions of the Pension Fund Managers (PFMs).
The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA), a statutory body, is the pension regulator of India which was established by Government of India on August 23, 2003 and was authorized by Ministry of Finance, Department of Financial Services.

NABARD – National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development

Sector: Financing Rural Development
Head: Chairman – Harsh Kumar Bhanwala
Headquarters: Mumbai
Founded: 12 July 1982
Purposes: Development aid, Poverty reduction

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) is an apex development financial institution in India, headquartered at Mumbai with regional offices all over India
NABARD is India’s specialised bank for Agriculture and Rural Development in India.The initial corpus of NABARD was Rs.100 crores
NABARD was established on the recommendations of B.Sivaraman Committee, (by Act 61, 1981 of Parliament) on 12 July 1982 to implement the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act 1981.
It replaced the Agricultural Credit Department (ACD) and Rural Planning and Credit Cell (RPCC) of Reserve Bank of India, and Agricultural Refinance and Development Corporation (ARDC)

SIDBI – Small Industries Development Bank of India

Sector: Financing Micro, Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises
Head: Chairman – Mohammad Mustafa
Headquarters: Lucknow
Founded: 2 April 1990

Small industrial Development Bank of India (SIDBI) is a development financial institution in India, headquartered at Lucknow and having its offices all over the country.
Its purpose is to provide refinance facilities and short term lending to industries, and serves as the principal financial institution in the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector.
SIDBI operates under the Department of Financial Services, Government of India.

State Bank of India is the largest individual shareholder of SIDBI with holding of 16.73% shares, followed by Government of India and Life Insurance Corporation of India.

NHB – National Housing Bank

Sector: Financing Housing
Head: MD & CEO – Sriram Kalyanaraman
Headquarters: New Delhi
Founded: 9 July 1988
Parent agency: Reserve Bank of India

National Housing Bank (NHB), a Government of India owned entity, was set up on 9 July 1988 under the National Housing Bank Act, 1987. NHB is an apex financial institution for housing.
NHB registers, regulates and supervises Housing Finance Company (HFCs), keeps surveillance through On-site & Off-site Mechanisms and co-ordinates with other Regulators.

TRAI – Telecom Regulatory Authority of India

Sector: Telecommunication & Tariffs
Head: Chairman – Ram Sewak Sharma
Headquarters: New Delhi
Founded: 20 February 1997

The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is a statutory body set up by the Government of India under section 3 of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997.
It is the regulator of the telecommunications sector in India.
One of its main objectives is to provide a fair and transparent environment that promotes a level playing field and facilitates fair competition in the market.
TRAI regularly issues orders and directions on various subjects such as tariffs, interconnections, quality of service, Direct To Home (DTH) services and mobile number portability .

CBFC – Central Board of Film Certification

Sector: Film/TV Certification & Censorship
Head: Chairman – Prasoon Joshi
Headquarters: Mumbai
Founded: 1951
Parent agency: Ministry of Information and Broadcasting

The Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) (often referred to as the Censor Board) is a statutory censorship and classification body under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India.
It is tasked with “regulating the public exhibition of films under the provisions of the Cinematograph Act 1952“.

The first film in India (Raja Harishchandra) was produced in 1913 by Dadasaheb Phalke, the Indian Cinematograph Act was passed and came into effect only in 1920

FSDC – Financial Stability and Development Council

Sector: Financial Sector Development
Head: Chairman (Finance Minister, GOI) – Arun Jaitley
Headquarters: New Delhi

Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) is an apex-level body constituted by the government of India. The idea to create such a super regulatory body was first mooted by the Raghuram Rajan Committee in 2008.
Finally in 2010, the then Finance Minister of India, Pranab Mukherjee, decided to set up such an autonomous body dealing with macro prudential and financial regularities in the entire financial sector of India.

FSSAI – Food Safety and Standards Authority of India

Sector: Food Safety
Head: Chairman – Rita Teaotia
Headquarters: New Delhi
Founded: August 2011
Parent agency: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is an autonomous body established under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.The FSSAI has been established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 which is a consolidating statute related to food safety and regulation in India.
FSSAI is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.

The FSSAI is headed by a non-executive Chairperson, appointed by the Central Government, either holding or has held the position of not below the rank of Secretary to the Government of India

BIS – Bureau of Indian Standards

Sector: Standards & Certification
Head: Director General – Surina Rajan
Headquarters: New Delhi
Founded: 23 December 1986
Parent agency: Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution

The organisation was formerly known as Indian Standards Institution (ISI). It was registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the national Standards Body of India working under the aegis of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, Government of India.
It is established by the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 which came into effect on 23 December 1986.

BIS is a founder member of International Organisation for Standardization (IOS).
It represents India in the International Organization for Standardization (IOS), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and the World Standards Service Network (WSSN).

ASCI – Advertising Standards Council of India

Sector: Advertising
Head: Chairman – D Srinivasan k swamy
Headquarters: Mumbai
Founded: 1985

It is established in 1985, is a self-regulatory voluntary organization of the advertising industry in India.
It is a non-Government body. ASCI is committed to the cause of self- regulation in advertising ensuring the protection of the interest of consumers

BCCI – Board of Control for Cricket in India

Sector: Cricket
Head: President – C K Khanna
Secretary – Amitabh Chaudhary
Men’s coach – Ravi Shastri
Women’s coach – W. V. Raman
Headquarters: Mumbai
Founded: December 1928

Grant Govan was its first president and Anthony De Mello its first secretary.
The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the national governing body for cricket in India.
The board was formed in December 1928 as a society, registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act.

AMFI – Association of Mutual Funds

Sector: Mutual Funds
Head: C. V. R. Rajendran
Headquarters: Mumbai
Founded: 1995

The Association of Mutual Funds in India is an industry standards organisation in India in the mutual funds sector. It was formed in 1995.
Most mutual funds firms in India are its members. The organisation aims to develop the mutual funds market in India, by improving ethical and professional standards.

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